Discoloration of the skin is a common problem with a variety of potential causes such as illnesses, sun damage, birthmarks, pigmentation disorders, rashes, injury, and inflammatory problems, some of which are innocuous, while others require medical attention.
These underlying factors affect the production of melanin, a natural pigment that gives color to the skin, hair, and eyes. Any increase or decrease in melanin production would cause discolored skin patches. Having more melanin darkens the skin, while less of it makes it lighter.
Discolored skin patches differ in color from a person’s normal skin tone; they can be lighter, darker, or have a totally different color, such as gray, red or blue. This article explores the various causes of discoloration of the skin, as well as their diagnoses and treatments.
The common causes of skin discoloration include:
Birthmarks are patches of discoloration that can develop at, or after birth. Some birthmarks are permanent, and some fade over time. Among the most common birthmarks are:
Sunburns and other types of burns damage the skin, and in many instances cause discolored skin patches.
Various infections such as tinea versicolor, fungal skin infections, ringworm, and candida can cause discolored patches of skin on different parts of the body. Infected cuts and scrapes can also change the texture and color of the skin.
Some types of skin rashes like rosacea, psoriasis, contact dermatitis, and eczema can cause patches of discolored skin.
Skin cancer occurs when the skin cells are damaged. This damage can in turn cause skin discoloration. Actinic keratosis, basal cell carcinoma, squamous cell carcinoma and melanoma are four major types of skin cancer.
Hormonal changes, especially during pregnancy, can lead to skin discoloration on both sides of the face. Allergic reactions to food, spices, or irritants too may result in skin discoloration, and appear as raised patches, bumps or rashes.
Some autoimmune diseases, such as lupus erythematosus, will cause changes in skin color.
If you see any changes in the color of your skin or in the size or appearance of any moles on your body, you have to visit a doctor and undergo some physical examinations such as:
Based on the underlying cause, your doctor will determine which treatment is best for you. Skin discoloration and sun damage can be reversed with medication, home remedies, or a combination of different treatments, some of which could include:
Lumecca is a powerful intense pulsed light (IPL) treatment that can help reduce and remove discolored skin patches and sun damage. This treatment constricts the blood vessels that cause vascular lesions; blood is then rerouted to healthier vessels, resulting in noticeable improvements in the complexion and clarity of the skin.
The positive results of Lumecca appear after one to three sessions. This procedure can help treat:
You can use Lumecca on all areas of the body, especially those damaged by the sun such as:
After the first session of Lumecca treatment, sun damage and skin discoloration will fade and disappear, and your skin will look younger and much more rejuvenated. For best results, multiple photofacial sessions are required.
If you want to learn more about how Lumecca can help diminish sun damage and solve skin pigmentation problems, please contact us and arrange a consultation with our professional team.